Even if your parents claim you as a dependent on their tax return, you can still file your own return and, in some instances, you may be legally required to do so. If you worked, had interest or dividend income, or had federal income taxes withheld from income you received, you’ll want to review your filing requirements with the Internal Revenue Service. Even if you don’t have to file, you could still qualify for your own tax refund even if your parents claim you as their dependent.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Regardless of your status as a dependent or independent individual, you may be required to file a tax return. Even if your income level does not require you to file, you should complete a return as a dependent in order to determine whether or not you are eligible for any tax refunds.
Filing a Tax Return as a Dependent
Federal income taxes may be withheld from income you receive during the year. When income taxes are taken from you, the amounts are sent to the IRS as a credit toward income taxes you might owe on the money you received. Even if you don’t meet the income limits that require you to file a return, is worth the time to prepare a return. Depending upon your particular situation, you may qualify for a refund on taxes you have already paid. You could also qualify for various credits and deductions based on your professional or educational status.
For most taxpayers, the deadline to file a return is April 15, but if you’re due a refund or do not owe any tax, you won’t be in trouble if you don’t file by this date. The IRS charges a penalty to those who owe tax and file late, but penalties are calculated as a percentage of what someone owes. When you don’t owe any tax, the IRS doesn’t charge the penalty. Although you won’t be penalized for filing late when you’re expecting a refund, you’ll still want to file as soon as possible because the IRS only allows you three years to claim any refund you’re due.
Who is Required to File - 2018 Tax Year
For the 2018 tax year, a single person is required to file if her income exceeds $12,000; married couples are required to file if they will be filing a joint return and their combined income exceeds $24,000. Even if your parents claim you as a dependent, you must file a return if you meet this criteria.
You may be wondering, "If my parents claim me, do I lose money?" The answer depends upon your income, but the standard deduction in 2018 for a person who is claimed as a dependent is either his earned income plus $350, or $1,050, whichever is greater. A lower deduction means higher taxable income, which increases your tax bill and reduces any refund.
Who Is Required to File - 2017 Tax Year
For the 2017 tax year, even if your parents claim you as a dependent, you’ll need to file if you earn more than $6,350 in wages or more than $400 in self-employment income. You’ll also need to file if you receive more than $1,050 in interest, dividends or capital gains income. You may have interest income if you own bank accounts or bonds, and may have dividend income if you own stocks or similar investments. Capital gains are earned when you sell investments like stock or mutual fund shares. If you have any of these types of income, you might receive a Form W-2, a Form 1099-INT, a Form 1099-DIV or a Form 1099-B at the end of the year.
- Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images