Achieving a high tangible net worth is an important feat for individuals and business owners because it's a sign of their financial success. A high tangible net worth also has its disadvantages, perhaps forcing the person or business to take steps to reduce it. In making the decision to reduce net worth, much thought must be given to the legal and moral reasons.
Calculating Net Worth
Tangible net worth is important because it reflects the amount of cushion a person or company has between its assets and liabilities. Tangible net worth is calculated by totaling all assets and subtracting the total amount of debt and intangible assets. Calculating tangible net worth is easier than calculating net worth because the assets are physical items whose values can be more easily determined.
Assets and Liabilities
Tangible assets are those that have a physical presence such as business equipment, physical buildings and cash. A rule of thumb in labeling assets as tangible is determining whether they can be destroyed by a natural disaster such as a hurricane or tornado, fire or other accident. Assets are items that can be liquidated if the individual or company cannot pay its debts. Liabilities include car and property insurance, credit card debt, student loans and mortgages.
One of the reasons some may try to reduce their tangible net worth is to hide assets from the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS looks closely at high net worth individuals and businesses for audits. The reason stems from the IRS’s increasing annoyance with people trying to dodge tax liabilities. Those with high tangible net worth levels may try to reduce their values to avoid drawing the IRS’s attention.
Individuals may attempt to reduce their tangible net worth to protect their assets in the case of divorce. A spouse may be inclined to not reveal a house, boat or money on her financial balance sheets so it cannot be found or taken during a divorce.
People facing lawsuits may also want to decrease their tangible net worth. If the person suing them wants monetary damages, he can access the financial records of the person he is suing. During that search, he can find out about the person’s tangible net worth. To avoid that, the person being sued may reduce assets by selling them off or hiding them.
- Investor Dictionary: Tangible Net Worth Financial Definition
- Business Dictionary: What Is Tangible Asset?
- Finance N Investments: How to Calculate Tangible Net Worth
- Internal Revenue Service. "Publication 544 (2019), Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets." Accessed Aug. 11, 2020.
- Securities and Exchange Commission. "Beginners' Guide to Financial Statement." Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
- Internal Revenue Service. "2019 Publication 946: How To Depreciate Property," Pages 3-5. Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
- Internal Revenue Service. "2019 Publication 535: Business Expenses," Pages 29-31. Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
- Internal Revenue Service. "2019 Publication 535: Business Expenses," Page 31. Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
- Ferrari. "Brand Finance Global 500 Names Ferrari as the World's Strongest Brand for Second Consecutive Year." Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
- Securities and Exchange Commission. "Exxon Mobil Corporation." Accessed Mar. 31, 2020.
Mia DeSue has covered personal finance and business news for more than 15 years. Her stories have appeared in "Newsweek," "Businessweek," "The Bond Buyer," "Creative Loafing" and "The Atlanta Journal-Constitution."