How to Invest in Canada

by Contributor ; Updated July 27, 2017
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American investors wanting to invest in Canada do so for a number of primary reasons, including to protect against a weakening U.S. dollar, gain access to Canada's economic growth or profit the country's vast natural resources. Follow these steps to invest in companies doing business in Canada or to invest directly in Canadian equities.

Step 1

Buy U.S. stocks with Canadian operations. Sears and Walmart have stores in Canada. The American car companies manufacture many of their cars there. Kellogg makes 30 different kinds of cereal across the northern border.

Step 2

Purchase Canadian companies listed on American exchanges (NYSE or Nasdaq). Tech companies like Nortel and JDS Uniphase, large Canadian banks and numerous energy companies are listed on U.S. exchanges.

Step 3

Invest in large cap stocks listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), one of the largest stock markets in the world, or small to mid-cap stocks listed on the TSX Venture Exchange. A full-service brokerage is necessary to buy Canadian stocks directly. You can also buy Canadian stocks traded as American depository receipts (ADRs) on U.S. exchanges. ADRs don't have the same currency risk as Canadian stocks bought on TSX.

Step 4

Take the easy way out and buy a mutual fund. Fidelity offers a Canada fund and iShares has an exchange traded fund of Canadian stocks, symbol EWC.


  • Research the fundamentals of any company before investing. Be sure the financial data supports a stock's current valuation and that there is growth potential.


  • Investing across national borders increases the risk of regulatory interference, adds currency risk and has the potential to incur additional taxes.

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