Most investors purchase the common stock of companies as an investment vehicle. Investors who purchase preferred stock have different benefits than common stock holders.
Both common and preferred stock give the investor an ownership interest in a company and both trade on a stock exchange.
Preferred stock owners typically receive a fixed dividend, but they do not receive voting rights at the annual shareholders meeting. Preferred stock generally has less volatile trading characteristics than common stock.
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Owners of common stock also receive dividends but only if declared by the Board of Directors, and the dividend amount varies. Common stock holders receive one vote per share owned at the annual shareholders meeting.
If a company dissolves, preferred shareholders and creditors receive funds before common shareholders. This makes preferred shares less risky than common shares, but it also gives common shares the edge in long-term performance.
The exact rights given to preferred shareholders vary with each company. Check the company’s prospectus or consult a broker for more information.