Are Bank Accounts Listed on Credit Reports?

Are Bank Accounts Listed on Credit Reports?
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Your credit report has valuable and hopefully correct information about how well you pay your bills. However, according to CNBC, none of the three national credit reporting companies include your bank account in your credit reports. Your banking history isn’t a factor in your credit score either.

Your Credit History

Before you get your first car loan or department store card, you’ll need a credit history. However, the bills that the credit reporting agencies report aren’t just loans and cards. Your credit history also has a record of payments you made for rent, utilities and other financial obligations.

In the case of loans and credit cards, the report has a full payment history from the date the lender opened your account to the present or the date the account closed. This record lists the amount of your total debt or the credit line for every lender. In this record, your creditors, landlords or mortgage holders also report whether you paid the scheduled amount on time or later than agreed. Each reporting agency also calculates the ratio of total credit available to you compared to your total debt.

Additional Credit Report Items

Credit rating requests from potential lenders also show up in your credit report. Credit reporting companies also keep a record of your current and earlier employment, your addresses, along with personal identifying information. Your date of birth, Social Security number and even arrests, if applicable, will always be in your credit report, says USAGov.

Banking Information Sources

Because your credit report doesn’t contain information on your bank accounts, lenders need you to voluntarily provide it to them if their regulations require them to use the information to make a decision about offering you credit. The American Bankers Association says that several federal laws keep your bank from sharing the balances, age and type of assets in your bank accounts.

Specific circumstances and exceptions include subpoenas in legal actions, bankruptcy courts, IRS and other federal agencies. Your bank must notify you of any exceptions when they occur before it discloses the information requested.

ChexSystems Reporting System

The Consumer Finance Protection Bureau notes that when you want to open certain types of bank accounts, your bank reviews your previous banking history through ChexSystems, a national banking reporting agency. Unlike lenders, banks, credit unions and similar financial services don’t need you to voluntarily provide your banking history.

Your ChexSystems record has information about all your checking account banking relationships. The reports include any current and earlier overdrafts, account closures, debit card abuse and possible fraud or identity theft. Like credit reporting companies, ChexSystems assigns a score to your banking history. Negative information decreases your score.

Reviewing ChexSystems Reports 

A low score will prevent you from opening new bank accounts. Experian suggests that you review your report at least annually. Federal law requires that ChexSystems give you one free report annually. You can also request a free report if a bank refuses to let you open a checking account based on information from ChexSystems.

Request your report and your score on the ChexSystems website. The company also lets you request reports by phone or mail. To dispute errors, you’ll need to send written documentation to ChexSystems. If a current or earlier checking account has a negative balance, you’ll have to settle that account. After that, you can ask the bank to remove the negative information from your ChexSystems report and revise your score.