Advantages and Disadvantages of a Bank Loan

by Van Thompson ; Updated June 29, 2018
Advantages and Disadvantages of a Bank Loan

A bank loan can provide you with cash to fund home improvements, pay for college or take a dream vacation. And unlike riskier loans such as payday loans, interest rates are generally reasonable as long as you have good credit and make your loan payments on time. However, a loan can also harm your credit, increase your stress and even cause you to lose your property, so ensure that you can afford the loan payments and that the item you are funding is worth the risk to your credit.


Unlike some other types of loans, a bank loan is highly flexible. After you are approved for the loan, you'll receive the money and can use it for whatever you wish. A personal loan from a family member or friend might have more flexible terms, but banks don't typically criticize personal finance choices, as family members might. If you want fast access to cash without having to account for your spending choices, a bank loan is often preferable to a personal loan. And bank loans tend to have significantly lower interest rates than credit cards, making them a better choice for large loans and purchases.


A bank loan typically takes only an hour or so to apply for, and you'll have an answer about your approval almost immediately. Loans from friends and family members may take weeks as they debate the terms of the loan and whether or not they want to give you the money. Bank loans for cars or homes might be contingent upon the car or home you wish to buy and the down payment you're able to make.

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Bank loans are relatively more difficult to get than other types of loans, particularly as banks establish stricter credit standards. If you're looking for a small loan, using a credit card might be a better option.


A bank loan can negatively affect your credit, particularly if you take out a large sum or only make minimum payments. Failure to repay the loan can destroy your credit and even necessitate filing for bankruptcy. However, if you pay back your loan quickly and never miss payments, a bank loan might improve your credit over time.

Financial Concerns

If you used a car or other personal property as collateral for the bank loan, you could lose your property. A loan can also cause you unnecessary financial stress, particularly if you are already struggling to make ends meet. Before taking out a bank loan, ensure you will have enough money to pay the loan back even if you encounter unexpected financial difficulties, such as a layoff or pay reduction.

About the Author

Van Thompson is an attorney and writer. A former martial arts instructor, he holds bachelor's degrees in music and computer science from Westchester University, and a juris doctor from Georgia State University. He is the recipient of numerous writing awards, including a 2009 CALI Legal Writing Award.

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