What Tax Credits Can People Who Are on Social Security Disability Get?

What Tax Credits Can People Who Are on Social Security Disability Get?
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Can you get the earned income credit on Social Security Disability? Yes, you could. It depends on whether and how you file taxes, as well as your combined household income.

Social Security Disability is technically taxable if you exceed the income threshold that the IRS has set to make Social Security benefits taxable. Therefore, it would be helpful to learn about the tax credits you can claim so you can reduce your liability. And even if your Social Security Disability is all you get, claiming credits may enable you to receive a refund that increases your income.

When Are Social Security Benefits Taxable?

If you file taxes as a single taxpayer, the IRS can tax up to ​50 percent of your Social Security benefits if you earn an income of ​$25,000 to $34,000​. But if your income exceeds the ​$34,000​ limit, up to ​85 percent​ of your Social Security Disability benefits may be taxed.

On the other hand, if you file a joint tax return, up to ​50 percent​ of your combined income is taxable if you both earn an income of ​$32,000 to $44,000​. And if your household income exceeds the ​$44,000​ threshold, up to ​85 percent​ of it becomes taxable.

To report the taxable portion of your Social Security benefits, you need to account for the money on line 6b of Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR.

Tax Credits for People on Social Security Disability

Below are some of the tax credits for people on Social Security Disability.

1. Disability and Elderly Tax Credit

It helps to learn how to get disability tax credits because they can be significant.

If you are 65 or older or retired due to a permanent and total disability and received disability income for the current tax year, you qualify for a disability tax credit. However, your adjusted gross income or the total of your nontaxable Social Security benefits, disability income or pensions annuities must be under specified limits.

The AGI limits for the 2021 tax year range from ​$12,500 to $17,500,​ depending on your filing status. And the other totals range from ​$3,750 to $5,000​, also depending on your filing status. If you meet the specified criteria, you qualify for tax credits ranging from ​$3,750 to $7,500​.

So, when do you get disability tax credits? Well, you get them after filing taxes the right way. Therefore, you must file Schedule R in addition to Form 1040-SR.

2. Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

The earned income tax credit is usually available to those with earned incomes. If your Social Security Disability benefits are all you get, you are unlikely to qualify for this kind of credit. However, if you or your spouse earns additional income or gets taxable disability benefits, you may qualify for the EITC. Also, when you receive disability benefits before retirement age, they qualify as earned income.

Typically, the earned income tax credit is given to low- and moderate-income families who may claim their children or relatives as dependents. A qualifying child should have a Social Security number and have a permanent and total disability.

The EITC you claim depends on your AGI, the number of children you claim and your filing status. And your investment income should be ​$10,000​ or less. The amount of credit ranges from ​$1,502 to $6,728​ for the tax year 2021.

For example, if you claim one qualifying child and file a joint tax return, your AGI should not exceed ​$48,108​ and you can claim up to ​$3,618​ as EITC.

3. Child Tax Credit

You can also claim the child tax credit while on Social Security Disability. For the 2021 tax year, the credit is worth ​$3,600​ for each qualifying child under six years, ​$3,000​ for each child between six and 17 years old.

You can qualify for the full child tax credit if your AGI ranges from ​$75,000 to $150,000​, depending on your filing status. Beyond that limit, your credit begins to phase out until it reaches zero. It is worth noting though, that couples earning ​$400,000​ and single filers earning ​$200,000​ may still receive some credit for their qualifying children.

Even if you received no income apart from your disability payments during the 2021 tax year, the child tax credit is refundable. Schedule 8812 will be instrumental in helping you figure out the credits due to you.

4. Work Opportunity Tax Credit

To encourage employers to hire more people on disability, talk to them about the work opportunity tax credit. The credit is available to members of targeted groups that continue to face barriers to employment. And the disabled are among them.

The maximum tax credit is $2,400​ per qualified employee that performs at least ​400 hours​ of service for the employer making the claims.