For many, buying a house is part of the American dream and essential to personal and financial success. The security and satisfaction that comes from owning their own house outweighs other considerations. However, homeownership brings with it advantages and disadvantages compared to apartment renting. Although there are plenty of reasons to buy a house, there are also several viable reasons for renting an apartment.
General Advantages of Homeownership
A house is the proverbial castle for you and your family. You are mostly free to do with your home and land what you like. Having a yard is one of the main benefits of owning a house. Many suburban areas are perceived to be safer and have better schools than urban areas, which is where you are more likely to find a higher density of apartments and more crowded housing conditions. A house can also provide more privacy than apartment living.
General Disadvantages of Homeownership
A house and yard require maintenance. This ranges from minor maintenance like mowing the lawn and shoveling snow to major repairs like replacing a roof. Property maintenance costs money and takes time, even for handy homeowners. Although you might buy a home intending to stay for the long-term, if you unexpectedly have to move, it can be difficult to sell and market conditions are not always favorable for sellers.
Financial Pros and Cons of Homeownership
You pay interest on a mortgage, but the principal that you pay each month helps to build equity in your home, which you can draw upon through a home equity loan or when you sell. Any increase in your home's value from renovations or rising home prices also increases equity. You can also write off mortgage interest payments at tax time. Expenses to consider when buying a home include homeowners insurance, mortgage insurance if paying less than 20 percent down, property taxes, homeowners association fees and maintenance costs. A large benefit, however, is that you may one day pay off your loan or at least build a considerable amount of equity.
General Advantages of Renting an Apartment
While it might seem like rent is wasted money, it's going towards a service. Because you do not own your apartment and don't usually have to complete or pay for maintenance and repairs, you save money. Depending on your needs, you may be able to find apartments that have a laundry in the building or in the unit, a gym and pool facilities and some apartments may even come furnished. If you have a short-term or month-to-month lease, you have flexibility if you need to move.
General Disadvantages of Renting an Apartment
Because you don't own your apartment, you may not be able to set it up quite the way you want. Even if you are allowed to make changes, renovations you make financially benefit your landlord and not you. You also have significantly less space compared to a house. Your rental agreement may have restrictions such as limiting or banning pet ownership. There is also the possibility of eviction, or your landlord deciding not to renew your lease, in which case you have to move.
Financial Pros and Cons of Renting an Apartment
Renting an apartment can be, but isn't always, less expensive than homeownership and its related costs. You can use a price-to-rent ratio to determine if renting makes financial sense. If the price to rent a house for one year is one-twentieth or less than the cost to buy the home, renting is a better deal. If you are saving money living in an apartment, that money can go toward investments that can give greater dividends than buying a home. That invested money is generally more readily accessibly than home equity.
- New York Times: Why Home Prices Change (or Don't)
- Time Magazine: Renting vs. Buying a Home: Which Makes More Sense?
- Internal Revenue Service. "Publication 936: Home Mortgage Interest Deduction." Accessed June 25, 2020.
- Internal Revenue Service. "Topic No. 503 Deductible Taxes." Accessed June 25, 2020.
- American Financing. "Does Your Mortgage Retire With You?" Accessed June 25, 2020.
- Trulia.com. "Best Places for Retirees to Rent or Buy." Accessed June 25, 2020.
With an eclectic background, Ian Johnston has written on diverse topics including literature, real estate, executive leadership and mental health. He received an Master of Arts from The University of Western Ontario, and a Master of Education from The University of Ottawa. He lives in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.