Do I Need Form 1099-R to File Taxes if I Have an IRA?

by Amber Keefer
You need Form 1099-R to report distributions you receive from a retirement account.

Come tax time, Form 1099-R may be one of the annual tax statements you get in the mail. You can expect a 1099-R if during the tax year you received a distribution from an individual retirement account, rolled over funds from another retirement account such as a 401(k) or 403 (b) plan, or converted a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA, notes Bankrate. Normally, you report distributions from retirement plans as taxable income once you retire and start receiving payments, although there are exceptions.

Information on the Form

Form 1099-R shows distributions from retirement accounts such as IRAs, SEP IRAs, SIMPLE IRAs, annuities and pension plans. The form indicates the gross amount of the distributions you received, how much of that amount was taxed and the amount withheld for state and federal income taxes. The 1099-R also includes a distribution code explaining the kind of distribution you received. For example, you may have received an early distribution from an IRA account or rolled over a distribution to a qualified retirement plan, which both would be reported on Form 1099-R.

Receiving the Form

A pension plan administrator, brokerage house, mutual fund company or other financial institution is required to send you Form 1099-R reporting the amount of payments you receive. By law, the plan custodian is responsible for providing you with a 1099-R and must mail the form to you by Jan. 31. In some cases, annual tax documents are forwarded electronically by email. If you take early distributions from a retirement account before you reach age 59-1/2, you will have to pay a 10 percent early withdrawal penalty on any amount you withdraw, in addition to paying ordinary taxes on the income.

Tax Withholding

The IRS requires that you attach Form 1099-R to your tax return if tax was withheld on all or part of any distributions you receive. Usually, federal income tax is withheld from pension and annuity payments and on the taxable portion of a profit-sharing plan, stock bonus plan or other deferred compensation plan, according to IRS.gov. Taxes are not withheld on any money you receive that you do not have to include in your gross income. Money you receive from a Roth IRA usually won’t be taxable. That’s because unlike other retirement plans that allow you to take a deduction for the contributions you make each year, you can’t deduct your contributions to a Roth IRA.

Withdrawing from Inherited IRAs

If you inherit an IRA from someone other than your spouse, you can withdraw the annual required minimum distributions based on your own life expectancy. This gives the money more time to grow for your retirement. The catch is you must take out your first distribution by Dec. 31 of the calendar year following the year that the person who left you the IRA died. Otherwise, you need to withdraw all the money within five years of the account owner’s death. In that case, unless someone left you tax-free income from a Roth IRA, income taxes can take a good chunk of your inheritance. When you take money from an inherited IRA, you receive Form 1099-R reporting the amount withdrawn from the account.

About the Author

Amber Keefer has more than 25 years of experience working in the fields of human services and health care administration. Writing professionally since 1997, she has written articles covering business and finance, health, fitness, parenting and senior living issues for both print and online publications. Keefer holds a B.A. from Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania and an M.B.A. in health care management from Baker College.

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