Does Kentucky Tax IRA Withdrawals?

by Jane Meggitt ; Updated August 10, 2018

While Kentucky is a tax-friendly state for retirees, changes in state tax law as of 2018 mean it’s not as friendly as it used to be.


  • As of 2018, Kentucky taxes all pension income, including traditional IRAs, at 5 percent once an exemption threshold of $31,110 is passed.

State Taxation of IRA Distributions

Kentucky does tax withdrawals on traditional IRAs if they are above the state’s exemption limit, although there is no tax on Roth IRA distributions, which are also federally tax-free. Many Kentuckians will not have to pay taxes on IRA distributions because their combined retirement income does not meet the state’s pension exemption limit, but a significant number will pay more in tax.

Kentucky Retirement Taxes

While Kentucky does tax qualifying IRA distributions, it does not tax Social Security or Railroad Retirement benefits. The exclusion limit applies to qualified pension plans, annuities and military and civil service retirement income. However, those who retired from the military prior to 1997 do not have their retired military pay taxed. Kentucky does not have an estate tax, but does have an inheritance tax. The inheritance tax only applies to those who are not Class A beneficiaries, such as spouses, children, grandchildren, siblings or parents.

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Kentucky Retirement Income Exclusion 2018

In April 2018, Kentucky passed a tax reform package that did away with its former varied tax rate in favor of a 5 percent tax on all income. While tax reform benefits those who were formerly subject to the top 6 percent rate, it does negatively affect retirees because the amount of their income shielded from tax was reduced considerably. As of 2018, the exemption is $31,110 annually from any qualifying retirement plan. For example, the average Kentucky Teachers’ Retirement System pension is $37,000, according to the Lexington Herald Leader, which means the average retired teacher will pay taxes on their pension in 2018 even though they did not have to do so in previous years. The new tax bill cuts other state tax deductions, including medical insurance and medical expenses. Knowing the loss of roughly a quarter of the pension exemption was politically perilous, Governor Matt Bevin tried to veto the reform package, but because the state’s budget outlook was so fraught, legislators were able to override his veto.

Kentucky Retirement Income Exclusion 2017

In 2017, retirees could exempt up to $41,110 on retirement income, known as the pension exclusion amount. The graduated tax system in Kentucky for 2017 ranges from 2 to 6 percent, all but the top two brackets only affect those making less than $8,000 per year.

About the Author

A graduate of New York University, Jane Meggitt's work has appeared in dozens of publications, including Sapling, Zack's, Financial Advisor,, LegalZoom and The Nest.

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