Many communities have a homeowners' association, or HOA, that manages the common grounds and notifies residents who are in violation of the community rules and regulations. Although those serving on the HOA board are usually volunteers, homeowners pay monthly dues to cover taxes, maintenance and improvement of the common areas. This payment is separate from your mortgage, but still a legal obligation. Some owners worry that an HOA lien will affect their credit score.
Originally, credit bureaus recorded late payments on consumer loans, mortgages and credit cards. Other debts, such as past due medical or utility bills, did not affect your credit rating. However, the rules have changed and now credit reports reflect every form of credit, including unpaid homeowner association bills.
Homeowner Association Dues
You may have hefty homeowner association dues, if you live in a condominium or housing development that has many amenities or in need of expensive repairs. When you fall behind in paying your dues, the HOA makes a demand for payment. If you ignore that demand, then they may choose to place a lien against the property.
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HOA Property Lien
Your homeowners association records the lien against your property at the county clerk’s office. Additionally, once the clerk records the lien, your HOA may choose to place the lien on your credit report at the three leading bureaus: Experian, Equifax and TransUnion.
Your Credit Score
All negative information, including the HOA lien, affects your credit score. The extent of credit score damage depends on whether the homeowners association had been reporting your account as unpaid for several months before placing the lien. If they have dinged your credit every month, then the credit bureau will lower your score significantly more than if the actual lien were the first negative information recorded. Your payment history represents 35 percent of your credit score, according to Equifax. The HOA lien stays on your credit report for seven years.
Further Credit Damage
If your HOA pursues foreclosure after placing the lien, it would force your first mortgage holder to also file foreclosure. This will lower your credit score even further, with repercussions in other areas of your life.
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