What Gets Deducted From Your SS Check?

People often have questions about their Social Security benefits: What will my benefits be? When should I apply for benefits?

This is not surprising. Nearly all U. S. citizens pay into the program and expect to receive benefits in the future. In 2020, nine out of 10of those age 65 and older were recipients of some portion of the more than $69.4 billion in benefits that the Social Security Administration (SSA) distributed.

Multiple variables, such as salary and other sources of income, determine the dollar value of the Social Security benefits that about 45.8 million retirees receive. So, it’s not possible to say the exact amount of money you will receive. But once you’ve worked with the SSA to estimate your benefits amount, there's a possibility that the agency will deduct some things from your benefits.

Read More:How Do Income Taxes Work?

SS Benefits at Full and Early Retirement

The dollar amount of your Social Security benefits depends in part on the full retirement age that the SSA has set for anyone born in your birth year. Another determinant is your actual age when you apply for those benefits. If, when you apply, you’ve yet to reach the full retirement age, the SSA also considers the number of months between the day you apply and your full retirement age.

If your full retirement​ ​age is 66, for example, and you apply for benefits at 66, you’ll receive your full, monthly Social Security benefits. If you take early retirement at age 62 or any time thereafter, but before your 66th birthday, you'll receive​ around 70 percent​ of your full benefits.

​Federal Income Tax and SS Benefits

Federal income tax may reduce the Social Security benefits you receive. Whether you owe federal tax on your benefits depends on your combined income and the income thresholds that are set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

​The ​income threshold​ is the income level at which a person begins paying income taxes. If you file an individual tax return in 2020, and earn $25,000​ per year or more, your Social Security benefits may be taxed. If you file a joint return, the income threshold is $32,000.

Your ​combined income​ equals the sum of your adjusted gross income and earned income, plus one half of your Social Security benefits. This total determines if the IRS taxes your benefits. If so, your combined income also determines the percentage of your benefits that are taxed. The IRS provides examples to consider that include:

Read More:How Do Income Taxes Work?

State Income Tax and SS Benefits

Not only federal income tax, but also state income tax may reduce your Social Security benefits. While​ 13 states​ tax Social Security benefits, their methods vary. A state may tax your benefits in its entirety or tax only a portion, depending on your age or income level.

​Another ​26 states either allow you to exclude Social Security benefits from your taxable income or they don’t impose a state tax. An additional 12 states tax your benefits but exempt the portion that’s taxed at the federal level.

Visit TaxAdmin.org and search for your state to read about your state’s tax code.

Medicare Premiums and SS Checks

If you enroll in Medicare Part B, you’ll pay a monthly premium that’s based on your income. For example, if you're single and your income is ​$87,000 or less​, or if you file a joint return and your income is $174,000​ or less, your Part B monthly premium is $144.60 in 2020​.

In contrast, if you’re single and your income is ​$500,000​ or more, or if you adopt a married filing jointly status and your income is ​$750,000​ or more, your premium is ​$491.60.

Overpayment of Social Security

​If the SSA overpays your Social Security benefits, the agency will notify you of possible repayment options as well as your appeal and waiver rights. About ​30 days​ later, the agency will begin to withhold the full amount of your benefits each month until the overpayment amount is recovered. You can request that a lesser amount be withheld.

Garnishments and SS Benefits

There are several circumstances in which the SSA can garnish your Social Security benefits, including:

  • The enforcement of child, spousal or family support obligations. 
  • Victim restitution that's ordered by the court. 
  • The collection of unpaid federal taxes. 
  • Withholding to satisfy a current federal income tax liability.  
  • A non-tax debt that's owed to another federal agency according to the Debt Collection Act of 1996.