The Maryland eviction process time line is affected by several different factors, namely the cause for the eviction and whether the tenant is attempting to fight the eviction. If a tenant does not agree with the eviction, the case could drag out for quite some time. Many eviction cases are fairly straightforward and follow a general timeline.
Terminating the Lease
Maryland landlords have the option of starting the eviction process as soon as you miss a rental payment or you break a lease term. This notice is constructed by the landlord himself, and in many cases the landlord personally serves the tenant with the notice. The tenant has 30 days in most cases to leave the house before the landlord can file the eviction lawsuit in court. If the eviction is due to the tenant causing disruption to others or damaging the property, or due to a repeated lease violation, this notice time is cut down to two weeks.
Filing the Lawsuit
Once the 30-day termination notice period completes, the landlord file the eviction lawsuit at his district court. The amount of time between the eviction lawsuit filing and the hearing varies depending on the court schedule, which can differ between a week up to a month.
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Most eviction cases do not extend beyond the initial hearing, and if the tenant moves out or pays the rent before the hearing the eviction does not proceed any further. The hearing is straightforward for a court proceeding, with each party explaining the situation and presenting evidence to support his side of the case.
A copy of the court judgment is given to the tenant after the hearing. The court sets a specific number of days until the tenant needs to be out of the property. This time period typically does not extend beyond a few weeks. One last court document may be filed if the tenant does not leave the property, and that is a Writ of Restitution. The Writ is served by a sheriff and gives the tenant a few more days to leave the property. After that, the sheriff forces the tenant to leave.