According to the U.S. Department of Education, "more than 50,000 public schools across the country use Title I funds to provide additional academic support and learning opportunities to help low-achieving children master challenging curricula and meet state standards in core academic subjects." Knowing this statistic, the importance of Title I funding could not be more apparent.
What is Title 1?
Title I is a federally funded educational grant meant to provide "financial assistance to LEAs [Local Educational Agencies] and schools with high numbers or high percentages of poor children to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards," as stated by the U.S. Department of Education. Title I provides schools with funding to support extra instruction throughout the academic and calendar year to supplement regular school instruction. This extra instruction can come in many forms, such as supplemental curriculum development, after-school programs or specialized instruction.
In order to be eligible for Title 1 funding, an application must be filed through the SEA or State Educational Agency. The allocation of grants is calculated based on the census poverty estimates and adjusted for each state based on the cost of education. There are three basic types of grants for which a LEA or SEA can be eligible: basic, concentration and targeted. Basic grants are awarded to LEAs where the number of children exceeds 2 percent of the school-age population and at least 10 children were counted. Concentration grants go to LEAs where 15 percent of the total school-age population is considered poor or those considered poor exceeds 6,500 children. Lastly, targeted grants are weighted so that LEAs with more poor children receive more funds. The allocations are calculated similar to concentration and basic grants and are given to LEAs "where the number of poor children is at least 10 and at least 5 percent of the LEA's school-age population," according to the U.S. Department of Education.
The U.S. Department of Education offers numerous resources regarding Title I funding, and it is here that the most information is housed. The information ranges from complex legal factors to simplified explanations. It is from this department that a list of all schools and local educational agencies receiving Title I funding can be found. The department supplies breakdowns by state that are then alphabetized by school. Each school receiving Title I funding is listed with the total amount of funds received, maximum amount allotted for transportation and supplemental programs, and maximum per-child expenditure. The most recent information is for 2008.
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